Which Is A Renewable Resource? Petroleum Wood Iron Coal

Renewable resources have become an increasingly popular topic in recent years, as the world becomes more aware of the impact that non-renewable resources have on our environment. According to a study conducted by the International Energy Agency, 80% of global energy consumption is still reliant on fossil fuels such as petroleum, wood, iron and coal. This statistic highlights the urgent need for us to assess which resources are renewable and which are not.

Petroleum, wood, iron and coal all play significant roles in our daily lives. Petroleum is used for transportation fuel and electricity generation; wood is commonly used for construction; iron is a key component in steel production; and coal is primarily used for electricity generation. However, while these resources may be essential to modern life, they are finite – meaning that once they’re gone, there’s no way to replace them.

In contrast, renewable resources such as solar power can provide an unlimited source of energy without depleting natural resources or contributing to climate change.


Petroleum, also known as crude oil, is a non-renewable fossil fuel formed from the remains of ancient marine organisms that were buried and subjected to high temperature and pressure over millions of years.

Exploration techniques have been used worldwide to locate deposits of this valuable resource.

Despite its negative impact on the environment, petroleum remains in demand due to its widespread use in transportation, heating, and electricity generation.

Global production has increased significantly over the years with some of the top producing countries being Saudi Arabia, Russia, and the United States.

However, as concerns over climate change grow and renewable energy alternatives become more accessible, there is a growing push towards reducing our reliance on non-renewable resources like petroleum.


The use of timber, as a form of construction material, has been widespread throughout history due to its availability and ease of use.

Wood has also been used for paper production, furniture making, and as a source of fuel.

However, with the growing concern over environmental sustainability, the forestry industry has shifted towards sustainable forestry practices that ensure the replenishment of forests and minimize their impact on biodiversity and local communities.

These practices include selective harvesting, reforestation efforts, and certification programs such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) that promote responsible forest management.

By utilizing wood from sustainably managed forests, we can continue to benefit from this renewable resource while preserving our natural ecosystems for future generations.


Iron is a widely used metal in many different industries due to its strength and versatility.

However, the extraction and production of iron can have significant negative environmental impacts, including air and water pollution.

Despite this, iron remains an essential material in daily life for applications such as construction, transportation, and manufacturing.

Looking to the future, there are efforts to reduce the environmental impact of iron production through advancements in technology and sustainable practices.

Environmental Impact

Coal, a non-renewable resource, has significant environmental impacts including air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. To paint a picture for the audience, here are four reasons why coal is harmful to the environment:

1) Coal-fired power plants emit sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter into the air, contributing to acid rain and respiratory illnesses.

2) The mining of coal can cause land degradation and water pollution due to the release of toxic substances such as arsenic and mercury.

3) Burning coal releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change and global warming.

4) Coal mining can also disrupt local ecosystems by destroying habitats for wildlife.

Therefore, adopting sustainable living practices that focus on carbon footprint reduction is crucial in reducing our dependence on coal as an energy source and mitigating its negative impact on the environment.

Use in Daily Life

Adopting a sustainable lifestyle that reduces our carbon footprint can be compared to planting a tree, where each small action contributes to the growth of a healthy and flourishing environment.

One way we can make a positive impact on sustainability is by considering alternative options for daily resource usage. For example, instead of relying solely on non-renewable resources such as petroleum and coal for energy, we can explore renewable options such as solar or wind power.

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Additionally, making conscious choices about the materials we use, like opting for sustainably sourced wood over iron or other metals with high environmental impacts, can also contribute to reducing our overall carbon footprint.

By taking these steps towards sustainability in our everyday lives, we are not only benefiting the planet but also paving the way towards a more just and equitable future for all living beings.

Future Outlook

Looking towards the future, the integration of sustainable practices in various industries and sectors is crucial for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating the impacts of climate change.

As we move towards a more eco-conscious society, there is a growing need to shift away from non-renewable resources such as petroleum, coal, iron and wood. Instead, there is a greater emphasis on exploring sustainable alternatives such as solar energy, wind power and hydroelectricity.

These alternatives not only reduce our carbon footprint but also provide investment opportunities for individuals and businesses alike.

With increasing awareness about climate change and its adverse effects, it’s imperative that we take action now to promote sustainability in all aspects of our lives.


Fossil fuels, including coal, have been a significant contributor to global energy consumption for decades. Coal fired power plants are one of the most common methods of generating electricity using this resource. However, there are several drawbacks associated with this method of energy production, including air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.

In addition, coal mining can also have negative impacts on the environment and human health. As a result, there has been increasing focus on finding alternative sources of energy that are more sustainable and environmentally friendly.

Some alternatives to coal for energy production include solar power, wind power and hydropower. These renewable resources offer a way to reduce dependence on fossil fuels while providing a cleaner and more sustainable source of energy for future generations.

The Importance of Phasing Out Non-Renewable Resources

Although coal has been a significant source of energy for decades, it is essential to phase out non-renewable resources such as coal, petroleum, iron, and wood.

The benefits of renewable energy are numerous, including reduced carbon emissions, improved air quality, and decreased dependence on foreign oil.

Moreover, the economic implications of non-renewable resource depletion can be devastating in the long term.

A transition towards renewable resources will create more job opportunities and stimulate economic growth while also protecting our environment for future generations.

To achieve this goal effectively, we must invest in research and development to harness the full potential of renewable energy sources such as wind power, solar energy, hydroelectricity and geothermal systems.


Petroleum, wood, iron, and coal are all resources that have been used for centuries to fuel our daily lives. However, not all of these resources are renewable.

Petroleum and coal are non-renewable resources that take millions of years to form and can only be extracted once. On the other hand, wood is a renewable resource that can be replanted and harvested sustainably.

Iron is also a non-renewable resource but has different properties as compared to petroleum and coal. Iron deposits are finite but can be recycled indefinitely without losing their quality or properties. This makes iron a sustainable resource when it comes to manufacturing.

As we move towards a more sustainable future, it is imperative that we phase out non-renewable resources such as petroleum and coal in favor of renewable options like wood or recycled materials like iron. It is our duty to ensure that future generations have access to the same resources we have today.

In conclusion, natural resources play an important role in our daily lives but not all of them are renewable. While some may seem abundant now, they will eventually run out if not managed sustainably. By phasing out non-renewable resources and embracing sustainable alternatives, we can create a better future for ourselves and for generations to come – just like planting trees today ensures a greener tomorrow!

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